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Checklist of Heat-Related Illnesses

With excessive heat this hot summer season, it’s good to know about heat-related illnesses.  Some are serious and life-threatening!

Checklist of Heat-Related Illness

1.  Heat Stroke – this is a serious life-threatening condition that occurs when the body loses its ability to control its temperature. Immediate attention is needed as many victims die from heat stroke. Signs of a heat stroke include:
  • Fever that rapidly rises to dangerous levels in a matter of minutes (104F or above)
  • Confusions
  • Bizarre behavior
  • Feeling fain
  • Staggering
  • Strong rapid pulse
  • Dry flushed skin
  • Lack of sweating
  • Delirium or coma
2.  Heat Exhaustion – this serves as a warning that the body is getting too hot. People most prone to heat exhaustion include:
  • Elderly
  • People with high blood pressure
  • People working or exercising in the hot environment
Signs of heat exhaustion include being thirsty, giddy, weak, uncoordinated, nauseous and sweating profusely.  The body temperature may be normal, however the heart rate is normal or elevated.  Their skin is usually cold and clammy.


3. Heat Rash – Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating.  It can occur at any age but is most common in young children.  A heat rash looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters.


4.  Heat Syncope – this is fainting in the heat. A person will experience a sudden onset of dizziness or fainting after exposure to high temperatures. The skin will be pale and sweaty but remains cool. The pulse may be weakened and the heart rate is usually rapid. Body temperature is normal.
While heat cramps, heat syncope, and heat exhaustion may all be present in mild degrees, you should always contact a doctor or seek emergency medical attention if the symptoms of these conditions are severe or worsen with time.
We are trained at West Valley to treat heat related illnesses.
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